Kim, Kyeok; Kim, Yu-Lee; Sacket, Santosh J.; Kim, Hyo-Lim; Han, Mijin; Park, Deok Seong; Lee, Baeck Kyoung; Lee, Won Koo; Ha, Hyun-Joon; Im, Dong-Soon

 

Treatment with isoprenaline led to a change in the cell morphology of rat C6 glioma cells. This morphological change was reverted by the addition of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). Using this morphological change as a response marker we determined that DS-SG-44 ((2S,3R)-2-amino-3-hydroxy-4-(4-octylphenyl)butyl phosphoric acid) was an agonist of S1P receptors. The DS-SG-44-induced morphological reversion was not observed with such structurally related molecules as DS-SG-45 ((2S,3R)-2-amino-3-hydroxy-4-(3-octylphenyl)butyl phosphoric acid) and DS-SG-12 ((2S,3R)-2-amino-4-(4-octylphenyl)butane-1,3-diol). The S1P- and DS-SG-44-induced shape changes were nseither reproduced with the S1P1/S1P3 receptor agonist VPC24191 nor inhibited by the S1P1/S1P3 receptor antagonist, VPC23019. Transfection with small interfering RNA (siRNA) for the S1P2 receptor greatly inhibited the DS-SG-44-induced shape change, and in part an S1P-induced response. In the presence of VPC23019, siRNA transfection for the S1P2 receptor almost completely blocked the S1P- and DS-SG-44-induced shape changes. Our results suggested that DS-SG-44, a newly-synthesized S1P analogue, acted as an S1P receptor agonist and that the S1P-induced shape change in rat C6 glioma cells was mediated mainly through the S1P2 receptor, and cooperatively through the S1P1/S1P3 receptors.

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List of Articles
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67 46. Cyclo(Phe-Pro) Modulates the Expression of ompU in Vibrio spp. - Journal of Bacteriology 2006, 188, 6, 2214 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3827
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