Hyun-Joon Ha, Won Koo Lee and Jungchan Park                                           

 

 

 

Ceramide is an apoptosis-including signaling molecule in the sphinolipid metabolism which emerges as a potential target for anticancer therapy. Natural ceramide in solution has a uniquely folded butterfly conformer with strong internal hydrogen bonding between amide and two alcohols at C1 and C3 and with hydrophobic interaction between two long alkyl chain of sphingosine backbone and fatty acid. Its heterocyclic analogs as 3-alkanoyl or benzoyl-4-(1-hydroxyhexadec-2-enyl)-oxazolidin-2-ones were designed by binding of primary alcohol and amide in sphingosine backbone as a carbamate. Those compounds without free primary alcohol have advantages not to perturb the ceramide metabolism most of which involved in the primary alcohol of sphingosing backbone. This structurally constrained analog of ceramide may have better activity compared with the natural ceramide without pre-organization of substrate, if necessary. They were synthesized by addition of acyl halide to the common ring, 4-(1-t-butyldimethylsillyloxyhexadec-2enyl)-oxazolidine-2-one, which was elaborated from chiral aziridine-2-carboxylate including stereoselective reduction and ring opening reactions. All compounds were tested as antileukemic drugs against human leukemia HL-60 cells. Many of them including propionyl, cyclopentanoyl and p-nitrobenzoyl-4-(1-hydroxyhexadec-2-enyl)oxazolidin-2-ones showed better antileukemic activities than natural C2-ceramide with good correlation between cell death and DNA fragmentation.

 

 

 

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List of Articles
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83 63. Synthesis of substituted imidazolidin-2-ones as aminoacyl-tRNA synthase inhibitors - Bull.Kor.Chem.Soc. 2010, 611 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-29 4280
82 41. Preparation of 2,3-diaminopropionate from ring opening of aziridine-2-carboxylate - Tetrahedron Lett. 2005, 46, 4407 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 4224
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80 67. Aminostyrylbenzofuran derivatives as potent inhibitors for Aβ fibril formation-BMCL, 2008, 18, 5591-5593 imagefile aziridine 2010-09-27 4188
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78 66. An efficient synthesis of enantiomerically pure aromatic-fused N-containing heterocycles from common chiral aziridines - Tetrahedron, 2010, 66, 8108-8114 imagefile aziridine 2010-09-08 4178
77 61. Molecular basis for the stereoselective ammoniolysis of N-alkyl aziridine-2-carboxylates catalyzed by Candida antarctica lipase B - ChemBioChem 2009, 10, 2213 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-29 4116
76 43. Synthesis of Functionalized Bicyclic Triazoles from Chiral Aziridines - Synlett. 2005, 14, 2187 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 4085
75 25. Asymmetric synthesis of β-amino-α-hydroxy acids through Lewis acid-mediated addition of ketone acetal to imines - Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 2001, 74, 1667 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 4083
74 24. New synthesis and ring opening of cis-3-alkylaziridine-2-carboxylates - Tetrahedron 2001, 57, 9655 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 4058
73 60. Synthesis of D-erythro-sphingosine from D-ribo-phytosphingoshine - Bull. Kor. Chem. Soc. 2009, 535 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-29 3904
72 57. Preparation of enantiopure 2-acylazetidines and their reactions with chloroformates - Tetrahedron Lett. 2007 48 269-271 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-17 3880
71 52. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) induces shape change in rat C6 glioma cells through the S1P2 receptor: development of an agonist for S1P receptors - Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2007, 59, 1035-1041 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3866
70 62. Molecular docking study of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases with ligand molecules from four different scaffolds - Bull.Kor.Chem.Soc 2010, 606 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-29 3848
69 44. Addition reactions to chiral aziridine-2-carboxaldimine toward various enantiopure nitrogen-containing heterocycles - Tetrahedron. 2005, 9281 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3801
68 46. Cyclo(Phe-Pro) Modulates the Expression of ompU in Vibrio spp. - Journal of Bacteriology 2006, 188, 6, 2214 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3792
67 56. Selective reduction of C-C double bonds of 2-vinylaziridines:preparation of enantiomerically pure 2-alkylaziridines - Bull. Kor. Chem. Soc. 2009, 3123 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3786
66 54. The preparation of stable aziridinium ions and their ring-openings - Chem. Comm. 2008, 4363–4365 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3786
65 48. Ring opening of 2-acylaziridines by acid chlorides - Tetrahedron 2006, 62, 8844-8849 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3740
64 49. Dihydroxylation of 2-vinyl-aziridine: Efficient synthesis of D-ribo-phytosphingosine - Chem. Commun. 2007, 79-81 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3727
63 19. Stereoselective synthesis of protected threo-β-hydroxy-L-glutamic acid using a chiral aziridine - Tetrahedron : Asymmetry 2000, 11, 3283 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3681
62 33. A Novel Synthesis of 5-Functionalized Oxazolidin-2-ones from Enantiomerically Pure 2-Substituted N-[(R)-(+)-r-Methylbenzyl]aziridines - J. Org. Chem. 2003, 68, 104 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3672
61 40. Synthesis and evaluation of sphingoid analogs as inhibitors of sphingosine kinases - Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2005, 13, 3475 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3666
60 34. Hightlights of the Chemistry of Enantiomerically Pure Aziridine-2-Carboxylates - Aldrichimica Acta 2003, 36, 57 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3643
59 18. Preparation of Cysteinol Derivatives by Highly Regioselective Ring Opening Nonactivated Chiral Aziridines by Thiols - Tetrahedron 1999, 55, 10041 imagefile aziridine 2010-05-12 3496


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